Pain is caused by injury or disease and is your bodies way of protecting you. Pain is telling us that something is wrong. Pain comes in 2 forms:
- Acute pain is severe and short lived and comes on suddenly, it is caused by something quite specific, lasting from just a moment, to 6 months. It goes away when there is no longer an underlying cause for the pain, such as when the injured tissues heal.
Causes of acute pain include:
- Broken bones
- Burns or cuts
- Muscle strains and tears
- Chronic pain, is less intense but is experienced over a long period, and usually lasts longer then 6 months. This type of pain can continue even after the injury or illness that caused it has healed or gone away. Pain signals remain active in the nervous system for weeks, months, or years. Some people suffer chronic pain even when there is no past injury or apparent body damage. Chronic pain is linked to conditions including:
Acute and chronic pain can further be classified as:
- Nociceptive pain – caused due to an injury to the body tissue; this includes damage to muscle or bone such as bruises, cuts, fractures, burns, cancer and surgery. Pain reduces once the injury heals.
- Neuropathic pain – caused due to dysfunction or damage to the nerves, spinal cord or brain. It is characterised by a burning, tingling or stabbing sensation. Pain can last for a long period of time, even after the injury has healed.
- Psychogenic pain – caused by psychological factors. Pain usually occurs due to tissue or nerve damage, but increases and is prolonged because of stress, fear, anxiety or depression.
People who have chronic pain can have physical effects that are stressful on the body. These include tense muscles, limited ability to move around, a lack of energy, and appetite changes. Emotional effects of chronic pain include depression, anger, anxiety, and fear of re-injury. Such a fear might limit a person’s ability to return to their regular work or leisure activities.
The cause and effects of chronic pain are not straightforward and can sometimes be difficult to treat. It’s further complicated by some of us being more sensitive to pain then others, due to individual bodies modulating pain differently. Pain receptors respond differently from person to person to a particular stimulus, and that the pain pathways are complicated, which can reduce or increase the level of pain we experience.
To help address acute and chronic pain symptoms such as inflammation, muscle tension, musculoskeletal injuries and imbalances our chiropractors firstly identify the cause and use a combination of techniques which may include:
Our Chiropractors will work with you with the aim of decreasing your pain and increasing your daily activities. Please contact us if you would like more information on how we can help.