If you have experienced a sharp, shooting pain in your back or neck, you might have wondered what is causing such discomfort. One possible culprit could be a pinched nerve. This common condition affects many people, causing localised pain and sometimes radiating sensations.

Let’s look into what exactly a pinched nerve is, its causes and how it can be taken care of:

What is a Pinched Nerve?

A pinched nerve occurs when a great deal of pressure is placed on a nerve by tissues surrounding it, such as tendons, bones, cartilage or muscles. This compression disrupts the nerve’s normal functioning, leading to sharp pain, numbness, tingling and weakness in the afflicted area. The most common locations for pinched nerves are the spine, especially in the neck (cervical radiculopathy) or lower back (lumbar radiculopathy).

Causes of Pinched Nerves

Pinched nerves can have various causes, including:

  • Herniated discs: When a disc between the vertebrae becomes damaged or bulges out, it can compress nearby nerves.
  • Bone spurs: Bone overgrowth can occur due to osteoarthritis, which can narrow the space through which nerves pass.
  • Injuries or trauma: Accidents or sudden impacts can cause spinal misalignments or tissue damage, leading to nerve compression.
  • Repetitive motions: Engaging in activities that involve repetitive motions, like typing or sports, can lead to nerve irritation over time.
  • Poor posture: Sedentary lifestyles or improper body alignment can put undue stress on the spine, leading to nerve compression.


The common symptoms of a pinched nerve include localised pain, numbness or tingling, muscle weakness, restricted movement and radiating sensations. In some cases, the pain may worsen with certain movements or activities. It is crucial to seek medical attention if these symptoms persist or intensify.

Treatment and Prevention

Treatment for a pinched nerve depends on its severity and underlying cause. Non-surgical options often include:

  • Rest and immobilisation: Limiting movements that aggravate the nerve can aid in the healing process.
  • Physical therapy: Specific exercises and stretches can alleviate symptoms, strengthen supporting muscles and improve range of motion.
  • Medications: Over-the-counter pain relievers or anti-inflammatories may provide temporary relief.
  • Alternative therapies: Techniques like acupuncture or chiropractic adjustments may offer relief for some individuals.

Preventing pinched nerves includes maintaining good posture, practising ergonomically-friendly activities, staying active, engaging in regular exercise and using proper lifting techniques.

A pinched nerve can cause significant discomfort in your back or neck. Understanding the causes, symptoms and treatment options can help individuals manage and alleviate their pain more effectively.

If you suspect a pinched nerve, book an appointment to see one of our skilled chiropractors or massage therapists at Tweed Coast Chiropractic to receive appropriate assistance promptly and prevent further complications.